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学科主题: 天然产物有机化学
题名: 含CF3CF2CF2C(CF3)2基团支链型氟表面活性剂的合成及性能研究
其他题名: Synthesis and Properties Study of Novel Branched Fluorinated Surfactants with CF3CF2CF2C(CF3)(2) Group
作者: 沙敏1; 张丁1; 潘仁明1; 邢萍1; 姜标1
通讯作者: 姜标
刊名: 化学学报
发表日期: 2015
DOI: 10.6023/A15030174
卷: 73, 期:5, 页:395-402
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: 论文
英文摘要: Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulphonate (PFOS) were listed under Stockholm convention on persistent organic pollutants owing to their poor biodegradability and toxic effects in the environment, so various strategies were reported for synthesizing non-bioaccumulable alternatives to them. Herein, we described our recent strategies for synthesis of non-bioaccumulable fluorinated surfactants by introducing branched perfluorinated chain using perfluoro-2-methyl-2-pentene as starting material. Novel branched fluorinated cationic, gemini and amphoteric surfactants were designed and prepared through a four-step route. They all have low solubility in water and exhibit poor ability to reduce the surface tension of water. A series of branched fluorinated nonionic surfactants with different length of hydrophilic chains were synthesized via a three-step route. The solubility becomes larger with the increase of the value of polymerization degree of polyethylene glycol. But, the surface tension measurement results show that their ability and efficiency to reduce the surface tension of water change little when the value of polymerization degree of polyethylene glycol is equal to or greater than 4. All the values of surface activities of the novel 20 similar to 22 surfactants (take the compound 20 for example, about 21.4 mN/m at the cmc 4.4x10(-5) mol/L) are lower than that of sodium perfluorooctanoate (about 24.7 mN/m at the cmc 3.1x10(-2) mol/L). Methyl-benzenesulfonic acid (compound 23) was synthesized through a two-step route. Both the steps are easy work-up, mild reaction conditions, low cost and high yields. The surfactant exhibits excellent ability to reduce the surface tension of water to 20.8 mN/m. Besides, it has good salt-resistance. The acute toxicity of 20 was investigated and the result shows that the acute oral toxicity LD50 Value of the compound 20 was 3160 mg/kg which is higher than that of ammonium perfluorooctanoate (C7F15COONH4, 470 similar to 540 mg/kg). So preparing branched fluorinated surfactants using hexafluoropropylene (HFPD) is a simple, economical and environmentally friendly method for synthesis of alternatives to PFOA and PFOS.
语种: 中文
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WOS记录号: WOS:000357389800003
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.sioc.ac.cn/handle/331003/39801
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作者单位: 1.中科院上海有机化学研究所, 天然产物有机合成化学重点实验室
2.南京理工大学

Recommended Citation:
沙敏,张丁,潘仁明,等. 含CF3CF2CF2C(CF3)2基团支链型氟表面活性剂的合成及性能研究[J]. 化学学报,2015,73(5):395-402.
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