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学科主题: 天然产物有机化学
题名: Enantioselective total synthesis of (+)-brefeldin A and 7-epi-brefeldin A
其他题名: (+)-Brefeldin A 及其7-位差向异构体的对映体选择性全合成
作者: Wu YK(伍贻康) ; Shen X(沈鑫) ; Yang YQ(杨永青) ; Hu Q(胡祺) ; Huang JH(黄嘉慧)
通讯作者: 伍贻康
刊名: J. Org. Chem.
发表日期: 2004
卷: 69, 期:11, 页:3857-3865
收录类别: SCI
部门归属: 中国科学院上海有机化学研究所生命有机化学实验室
英文摘要: A convergent enantioselective route to brefeldin A (BFA) and 7-epi-BFA was developed. The key C-4/C-5 chiral centers were established by using chiral auxiliary induced intermolecular asymmetric aldolization in the presence of TiCl4 and TMEDA. The results with the thiazolidinethione/TiCl4 mediated intermolecular asymmetric aldolization added some new information about the scope and limitations to the existing knowledge of that type of reactions (which so far was essentially limited to the reactions with N-propionyl thiazolidinethiones). During the course a method for protecting the liable aldol hydroxyl groups by using inexpensive TBSCl in DMF with 2,6-lutidine as the base was developed to replace the otherwise unavoidable TBSOTf procedure. Due to the excessive steric hindrance, removal of the auxiliary was much more difficult than most literature cases. Cleavage of the oxazolidinone by reduction was almost impossible. The thiazolidinethione auxiliary was relatively easier to remove. However, several reactions reported for facile removal of thiazolidinethione auxiliaries in the literature still failed. Reductive removal of the thiazolidinethione auxiliary was most effectively realized with LiBH4 in diethyl ether in the presence of 1 equiv of MeOH (a modification of a literature procedure for removal of oxazolidinone auxiliaries in less hindered substrates). Apart from the auxiliary removal, oxidation of the alcohol into aldehyde and the deprotection of the dithiolane protecting group were also rather difficult in the present context. A range of methods were screened before final solutions were found. The five-membered ring was constructed by employing an intramolecular Mukaiyama reaction after many attempts with the intramolecular aldolization under a variety of conditions failed. The rate of elimination of the alkoxyl to form the alpha,beta-double bond of the key intermediate cyclopentenone 49 with DBU was highly solvent dependent (very sluggish in CH2Cl2 but rather fast in MeOH). Introduction of the lower chain (which was synthesized by using a Jacobsen KHR to establish the C-15 chirality) was achieved through a Michael addition similar to the precedents in the literature. It has not been noticed before that the yield of this Michael reaction could be dramatically raised by using 3 equiv of the copper-lithium reagent 55. Reduction of the C-7 carbonyl was apparently more difficult than similar cases in the literature. After examination of many reagents under various conditions, it was found that the best reagent for yielding the a-isomer was (S)-2-methyl-CBS-borolidine/BH3 and that for the beta-isomer was L-Selectride. The alpha- and beta-isomers were then further elaborated into (+)-brefeldin A and 7-epi-BFA, respectively. An unexpected yet very interesting solubility difference between BFA and 7-epi-BFA was also observed.
语种: 英语
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WOS记录号: WOS:000221624900033
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.sioc.ac.cn/handle/331003/20335
Appears in Collections:生命有机化学国家重点实验室_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Wu YK,Shen X,Yang YQ,et al. Enantioselective total synthesis of (+)-brefeldin A and 7-epi-brefeldin A[J]. J. Org. Chem.,2004,69(11):3857-3865.
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