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学科主题: 氟化学 ; 生命有机化学
题名: Synthesis of Trifluoromethylated and gem-Difluoromethylenated Biologically Interesting Compounds from Fluorine-Containing Synthons
其他题名: 由含氟合成子合成三氟甲基取代的和偕-二氟亚甲基取代的生物活性化合物
作者: Qing FL(卿凤翎) ; Zheng F(郑峰)
通讯作者: 卿凤翎
刊名: Synlett
发表日期: 2011
期: 8, 页:1052-1072
收录类别: SCI
部门归属: 中科院上海有机化学研究所
英文摘要: A number of fluorinated versatile building blocks (synthons) were developed for the synthesis of trifluoromethylated and gem-difluoromethylenated biologically interesting compounds. Extensive studies have demonstrated that fluorine atoms have profound stereoelectronic effects on neighboring groups, leading to special performance of the fluorine-containing compounds in reactions. It was found that, in comparison with their nonfluorinated counterparts, a C-O bond adjacent to a CF(2) group was more stabilized which made it hard to be substituted in a S(N)2 way; double bond next to fluorinated groups was too electron deficient to participate in ring-closing-metathesis (RCM) reactions, and the carbocation that was strongly destabilized by neighboring CF(2) group reacted immediately with nucleophilic molecules to produce unexpected product and so on. Thus improved methodologies were developed to achieve the desired transformations. The conformational analysis of difluorothiouridine suggested that the gem-difluoro atoms governed the overall conformation of the sugar ring and nucleobase. The biological evaluation of the synthetic difluoromethylenated azasugars towards eight glycosidases showed that the CF(2) group decreased the pK(a) of azasugars which enhanced their binding affinity and selectivity to glycosidases. 1 Introduction 2 Synthesis of Trifluoromethylated Building Blocks and their Application for the Preparation of Biologically Interesting Molecules 2.1 Improved FSO(2)CF(2)CO(2)Me/CuI Method for the Synthesis of Trifluoromethylated Retinoid 2.2 Preparation of alpha-Trifluoromethyl-alpha,beta-Unsaturated Esters for the Synthesis of Trifluoromethylated Nucleosides and Prolines 2.3 Development of Trifluoropropenyl-Containing Synthons for the Preparation of Trifluoromethylated Analogues of Amino Acids, Sugars, and Macrolactones 3 Preparation of Difluoromethylenated Building Blocks and their Application for the Synthesis of Difluoromethylenated Nucleosides, alpha,beta-Uunsaturated-beta-lactones and Azasugars 3.1 Novel Route to Difluorohomoallyl Alcohol and its Wide Utility in the Synthesis of Difluoromethylenated Nucleosides 3.2 Construction of Difluoromethylenated Synthons via Silicon-Induced Reformatskii-Claisen Rearrangement and their Application for the Preparation of Difluoromethylenated Nucleosides 3.3 Synthesis of Azanucleosides Bearing Exocyclic CF(2)H Group Using a Wittig-Type Olefination Approach 3.4 Conformational Analysis of D-2'-Deoxy-2',2'-difluoro-4'-dihydro-4'-thiouridine 3.5 Synthesis of Difluoromethylenated Six-Membered alpha,beta-Unsaturated-beta-lactones and other Related Compounds 3.6 Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Difluoromethylenated Azasugars 4 Conclusion
语种: 英语
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WOS记录号: WOS:000290206600003
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.sioc.ac.cn/handle/331003/17701
Appears in Collections:中科院有机氟化学重点实验室_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Qing FL,Zheng F. Synthesis of Trifluoromethylated and gem-Difluoromethylenated Biologically Interesting Compounds from Fluorine-Containing Synthons[J]. Synlett,2011(8):1052-1072.
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