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学科主题: 金属有机化学
题名: Multifunctional Chiral Phosphine Organocatalysts in Catalytic Asymmetric Morita-Baylis-Hillman and Related Reactions
其他题名: 多官能团手性膦催化的不对称MBH和其相关反应
作者: Wei Y(魏音) ; Shi M(施敏)
通讯作者: 施敏
刊名: Accounts Chem. Res.
发表日期: 2010
卷: 43, 期:7, 页:1005-1018
收录类别: SCI
部门归属: 中国科学院上海有机化学研究所
英文摘要: Catalytic asymmetric synthesis has received considerable attention over the past few decades, becoming a highly dynamic area of chemical research with significant contributions to the field of organic synthesis. In the development of new catalysts, the concept of multifunctional catalysis described by Shibasaki and co-workers, namely, the combination of more than one functional group within a single molecule to activate the transformation, has proved a powerful strategy in the design of efficient transition metal-containing catalysts. A variety of reactions have since been addressed with multifunctional organocatalysts. One example is the Morita-Baylis-Hillman (MBH) reaction, in which a carbon carbon bond is created between the a-position of an activated double-bond compound and a carbon electrophile. The seminal report on this reaction in 1972 described the prototypical couplings of (i) ethyl acrylate with acetaldehyde and (ii) acrylonitrile with acetaldehyde; the reaction is promoted by the conjugate addition of a nucleophilic catalyst to the alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehyde. Many variations of the MBH reaction have been reported, such as the aza-MBH reaction, in which an N-tosyl imine stands in for acetaldehyde. Recent innovations include the development of chiral molecules that catalyze the production of asymmetric products. In this Account, we describe the refinement of catalysts for the MBH and related reactions, highlighting a series of multifunctional chiral phosphines that we have developed and synthesized over the past decade. We also review similar catalysts developed by other groups. These multifunctional chiral phosphines, which contain Lewis basic and Bronsted acidic sites within one molecule, provide good-to-excellent reactivities and stereoselectivities in the asymmetric aza-MBH reaction, the MBH reaction, and other related reactions. We demonstrate that the reactivities and enantioselectivies of these multifunctional chiral phosphines can be adjusted by enhancing the reactive center's nucleophilicity, which can be finely tuned by varying nearby hydrogen-bonding donors. Artificial catalysts now provide highly economic access to many desirable compounds, but the general adaptability and reactivity of these platforms remain problematic, particularly in comparison to nature's catalysts, enzymes. The multifunctional organocatalysts described in this Account represent another positive step in the synthetic chemist's efforts to profitably mimic nature's catalytic platform, helping develop small-molecule catalysts with enzyme-like reactivities and selectivities.
语种: 英语
相关网址: 查看原文
WOS记录号: WOS:000280140300007
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.sioc.ac.cn/handle/331003/10360
Appears in Collections:金属有机化学国家重点实验室_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Wei Y,Shi M. Multifunctional Chiral Phosphine Organocatalysts in Catalytic Asymmetric Morita-Baylis-Hillman and Related Reactions[J]. Accounts Chem. Res.,2010,43(7):1005-1018.
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